Reasons and Treatment of Heart Diseases

Health problems impact the immune system of a person and consequently the cardiovascular system. Heart transfers blood to different parts of the body filling them with oxygen and taking away CO2. Veins and capillaries form a net that spreads throughout the body.If the system fails, the whole organism will start suffering from complications. Medication for heart disease can prevent serious illnesses and improve health state in general.

What Is the Reason for Heart Diseases?

Scientists have conducted multiple kinds of research trying to find out the causes of heart disease and ways of its prevention. There are top 5 things which hurt the blood vessels and the heart.

  1. Bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse, narcotic dependence)
  2. Unhealthy meals (fast food, fatty dishes)
  3. Lack of physical activity (sedentary lifestyle) or excessive training (multitasking lifestyle without proper rest)
  4. Stress
  5. Unhealthy environment (air and water pollution, negative emotional atmosphere)

The above-mentioned factors injure the cardiovascular system but a person can avoid them at least partially. There is one factor that is difficult or even impossible to change. This is the genetic background of a person. Diseases, external and/or internal destructive effects damage vessels leading to blood clots,bad blood coagulation, change of the rhythms of the heart beating, and other connected health problems.

What Drugs I Can Take to Treat My Heart Disease?

Pharmacies have many high-quality drugs to treat heart disease. They differ in prices and mechanism of action. That is why a person should first get a thorough medical check to learn a diagnosis. It is a very important step because besides the heart disease a patient might experience other complications which also demand treatment and could specify the medication. For example, a man can take a small dose of Sildenafil to treat enlarged prostate. Nitrates (heart pills) in combination with ED drugs can lead to a heart attack.

All drugs are safe when used properly. It often happens that ARBs cannot cope with a health problem without a diet or PPI. Moreover, a doctor can ask to give up bad habits and suggest doing cardio exercising. Pharmaceutical companies distinguish 8 main types of drugs to cure illnesses connected with the blood-vessel system.

ACE Inhibitors

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is a highly recommended by doctors for patients suffering from heart disease medication. The goal of Benazepril (Lotensin) is to prevent the narrowing of blood vessels and decrease blood pressure. Patients take Ramipril (Altace) to prevent heart attack and stroke. Compared to two previous drugs, Captopril treats not only high blood pressure but also helps to recover after a heart attack and solves problems with kidney provoked by diabetes mellitus.

Pros: This drug reduces the level of angiotensin which leads to the constriction of blood vessels. They help to recover after heart failure and prevent its repeating.

Common side effects: allergy, face redness, loss of taste sensation, cough.

Common interactions: diuretics, anti-diabetes drugs, medicine which treat inflammation, alcohol, lithium.

ARBs

Angiotensin II receptor blockers have the same mechanism of action as ACE inhibitors. Losartan (Cozaar)improves the blood flow and, due to that, is good at treating high blood pressure.Olmesartan (Benicar) also belong to this group of drugs for heart disease. Just like Valsartan (Diovan), it lowers high blood pressure preventing serious and even fatal consequences.

Anticoagulants

Anticoagulant meds prevent the forming of clotting factors after surgery or in bed patients. Their main goal is the prevention of the process of clotting.

Drug nameCommon diagnosis
Heparin DVT, anticoagulation, angina
Warfarin (Coumadin)Prevention of strokes and heart attacks
Enoxaparin (Lovenox) DVT, heart attack prevention, pulmonary embolism

Common side effects: headache, allergy, wound/gums/nasal bleeding, heavy menstruation, vertigo.

Interactions: vitamin K and food rich in it (reduces the effect); juice of cranberry, grapefruit, pomegranate, and noni; alcohol; some drugs for arthritis, allergy, and high temperature (physician’s consultation is required).

Antiplatelet Drugs

antiplatelet agents don’t let thromboxane to form and cause strokes and heart attacks. The most popular antiplatelet drugs are:

Clopidogrel (Plavix) averts the blockage of arteries leading to blood circulation problems, strokes, heart attacks.

Aspirin reduces factors leading to inflammation, fever, heart attacks, pain, strokes.

Prasugrel (Effient) staves of clots in patients with coronary syndrome and after a heart attack.

Common side effects: bleeding, allergy, changes in heart rhythm.

Interactions: same group drugs, alcohol.

Beta-blockers

beta-blockers solve rhythm problems reducing the level of adrenaline in the organism. Such drugs as Labetalol (Trandate) and Metoprolol (Lopressor) mostly treat chest pain and hypertension. Doctors prescribe Propranolol (Inderal) to cure the same condition but its oral form also fits children (1 month and older) who have inherited infantile hemangiomas.

Common side effects: vertigo, change in heart rhythms, allergy, sleeping problems, digestive troubles, weakness.

Interactions: antidepressants, blood thinners, same group drugs, anti-inflammatory aids, steroids.

Calcium Channel Blockers

Calcium channel blockers cope with arrhythmia balancing the level of calcium and producing a relaxing effect on blood vessels.
Popular drugs: Amlodipine (Norvasc), Nifedipine (Procardia), Diltiazem (Cardizem).

Common side effects: vertigo, weakness, abdominal pain, flushing, muscle spasms.

Interactions: grapefruit, alcohol.

Cholesterol-lowering Medications

A person might get problems from heart disease when the level of LDL is too high. This group of meds doesn’t let it happen. Moreover, they increase HDL preventing clotting formation. Popular drugs are Zocor, Niacor, Tricor, and others.

Common side effects: sneezing, digestive problems, allergy, muscle pain.

Interactions: fatty food and alcohol.

Nitrates

These drugs widen vessels allowing the blood to move freely. Widely prescribed drugs are Isordil, Nitrostat, and Monoket.

Common side effects: vertigo, numbness, flushing.

Interactions: same group drugs, alcohol.

Disclaimer

This is an informative guide about medication for heart disease. Its purpose is to reflect data about ARB, antiplatelet medications, and other possible treatment. It does not give prescriptions and medical advice. The drugstore is not responsible for the effects caused by the wrong medication. Only professionals prescribe heart disease drugs and supervise a patient’s health condition during the treatment.

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