What is Hypertension Medications?

Commonly, people over 60 suffer from a disease called hypertension. However, it does not mean that young people can not be afraid of the disease. Even children and adolescents are at risk. These are mainly patients with secondary arterial hypertension.

Blood pressure medications are of great importance since hypertension or high blood pressure constant condition is incredibly dangerous. If not cured in a certain way, this disease can provoke such life-threatening consequences as heart problems or failure of kidneys.

In a healthy person, the normal BP has to be under 139/89 mmHg.

Particularly dangerous is the increase in pressure in young people. If a person aged 17-45 years has high blood pressure, he needs to urgently consult a doctor. The reason for this violation is mostly organic. In this case, the pressure can rise to very high levels.

Hypertension Remedies

Modern medicines are extremely effective in combating hypertension and its complications. The decision on the prescription of medications to lower blood pressure is typically made in a situation where a change in lifestyle does not give positive results with arterial hypertension of the second and first degree without risk factors. In other cases, therapy is prescribed immediately after the diagnosis.

In pharmacies, there are a number of names of tablets for pressure, the price of which can vary greatly. They are used for essential hypertension, and their action is aimed at:

  • improved prognosis for chronic heart failure;
  • slowing the progression of changes in target organs;
  • the provision of nephroprotective and cardioprotective effects;
  • minimization of complications from the vessels and heart;
  • effective control and reduction of blood pressure.

What is common blood pressure medications classification?

Name Description The most commonly prescribed drugs The most common side effects caused by hypertension medications
Diuretics Medications that help lower blood pressure by removing excess fluid from the body. They cause rapid urination. chlorothiazide (Diuril), bumetanide (Bumex) and amiloride (Midamor) They might cause the enhancement of the level of potassium. Most typically people complain about frequent urination, dehydration, and weakness.
Beta-blockers Drugs that make the heart muscle contract less and thus the heart begins to beat slowlier. metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), nadolol (Corgard) and atenolol (Tenormin) These drugs affect the heart rhythm and the most common negative effects produced by this group of HBP drugs are dizziness, fainting, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
ACE inhibitors Drugs aimed at reducing the hormone Angiotensin II. It is responsible for contracting the walls of blood vessels. The remedy assists the blood vessels to expand. enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril, Qbrelis) and ramipril (Altace) The remedies may produce such negative consequences as dry cough, headaches, and fainting.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers Drugs similar in the principle of the mechanism of action to ACE inhibitors and also control the Angiotensin II hormone valsartan (Diovan), losartan (Cozaar) and others The meds might produce hyperkalemia issue and make the patient feel dizzy and fatigued.
Calcium channel blockers Medications that help relax and narrow the walls of blood vessels of a heart, thereby provoking the normalization of blood pressure. amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac, others), nifedipine (Adalat CC, Procardia) and verapamil (Verelan, Calan) These means can make the person have flushing, dizziness, and heartburn.
Alpha-blockers Remedy that causes catecholamines hormone-blocking. doxazosin (Cardura), prazosin (Minipress) and terazosin The pills’ the most typical side effects are dizziness, nausea, and even loss of conscience.
Alpha-2 receptor agonist Medicines that are functioning in the central nervous system to lower blood pressure. Also, they are called Methyldopa. methyldopa The tablets can produce different unpleasant body responses, such as drowsiness, constipation, depression, nightmares, heartburn, and also diarrhea.
Central agonists Substances that operate in the central nervous system, as well as the Alpha-2 receptor agonist, does. clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay), guanfacine (Intuniv) Drowsiness, depression, constipation, heartburn, nightmares, diarrhea
Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors Meds that function in the brain to block signals that make blood vessels to contract. guanadrel (Hylorel), guanethidine and reserpine (Serpasil) Cause dizziness, erection violations, and a stuffy nose.
Vasodilators They relax the arterial muscle wall, reduce arterial resistance of blood vessels of the circulatory system. hydralazine and minoxidil The drugs may influence the body causing excessive hair growth, gaining weight, and joints pain.

All known medications to lower blood pressure may produce negative unpleasant effects on the body. The probability of occurrence and severity of a side effect might depend on the dose of the drug and interaction with other remedies.

That is why the physician tries his best to prescribe the optimal variant of the HBP drugs taking into consideration all the supportive means the person applies. The incidence of negative impacts and its severity can be different in various groups of medicines.

What is the most effective hypertension medicine?

There is no universal “best” medication against high blood pressure disease. There are various certain groups of high blood pressure drugs helping if not combat this disease then at least to lessen its unpleasant consequences and possible dangers.

In each specific occasion, a doctor takes into consideration multiple factors to prescribe the best possible drug to cope with hypertension and lead a normal life. Calcium channel blockers are preferred in elderly patients with severe cerebral atherosclerosis and with combinations of hypertension with cardiac arrhythmias and angina pectoris. And beta-blockers are typically prescribed in patients with myocardial infarction, in the presence of angina pectoris, persistent atrial fibrillation, and chronic heart failure.

Different health conditions, age, chronical illnesses, belonging to different ethnic groups, pregnancy in women – all these factors are of high importance and influence a health-care provider’s decision on the choice of the HBP medication greatly.

Is it permissible to apply medications for high blood pressure being pregnant?

Of course, scientists can not conduct large-scale research on this topic, because the ethical moment does not make them possible in principle. Therefore, even experienced doctors cannot say with accuracy which medications for blood pressure pregnant women can drink without any risk assessments. There is a certain conditional list of appointments, but doctors also approach them with caution.

Doctors are always forced to proceed from the judgment: which is more dangerous – to abandon antihypertensive drugs or to accept them? If without them the situation with the health of the mother and child is threatening, the doctor will prescribe pills. If a woman can hold out without drugs that have a depressing effect on the patient or fetus, they will be abandoned. In each case, the decision is made on the individual circumstances.

Among the possible remedies are the following categories:

  • Alpha 2 antagonists;
  • Beta-blockers;
  • Diuretics
  • Ca channel antagonists;
  • Antispasmodics.

Regardless of the pharmaceutical group, the doctor will make a decision on the choice of funds after the examination. If already at the time of admission, the pregnant woman has found undesirable reactions to the drug, they refuse the medicine.

Is it possible to combine HBP drugs and alcohol?

Alcohol and hypertension medications should not be combined. Most doctors doubt about the compatibility of medicines and alcohol. It is clinically proven that it enhances the effect of drugs.

Therefore, it is believed that HBP drugs can lower blood pressure crucially, put a person in a coma, or even lethal impact. The organism response to the simultaneous administration of medications of this type with alcoholic beverages depends greatly on the group of the remedies:

  • Diuretics. These meds against hypertension and alcohol mixture provoke a dry mouth feeling and dizziness. If the amount of an alcoholic drink is large enough, the heartbeat fastens;
  • Beta-blockers. These drugs, if combined with alcohol, cause severe vasoconstriction or even a loss of pulse;
  • Calcium antagonists. The combination of these remedies with alcohol provokes an enhancement the in heart rate and strong dizziness;
  • ACE inhibitors. It is permissible to drink alcohol along with these drugs usage, but only in small amounts, in order not to affect the blood pressure strongly;
  • Angiotensin-2 antagonists. Alcohol combination with this blood pressure medications class, even in little quantities, causes strong allergy symptoms and, often, nausea and vomiting.


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